Tuesday, March 4, 2014

Modern American Realism: The Sara Roby Foundation Collection

Modern American Realism: The Sara Roby Foundation Collection” at the Smithsonian American Art Museum presents some of the most treasured artworks from the Smithsonian American Art Museum’s permanent collection, including works by Will Barnet, Isabel Bishop, Paul Cadmus, Arthur Dove, Nancy Grossman, Edward Hopper, Wolf Kahn, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Jacob Lawrence, Reginald Marsh, Ben Shahn and Honoré Sharrer, among others. The exhibition includes 70 paintings and sculpture from the 1910s to the 1980s that encompass the range of what can broadly be called modern realism, from socio-political to psychological, from satirical to surrealist. The artworks on display were selected by Virginia Mecklenburg, chief curator at the museum. The exhibition will be on view from Feb. 28 through Aug. 17, 2014.

“With this exhibition, the Smithsonian American Art Museum celebrates the generosity of the Sara Roby Foundation for its gift of this extraordinary collection, and for its continuing support of the museum’s programs that advance the understanding of American realist art,” said Elizabeth Broun, The Margaret and Terry Stent Director at the Smithsonian American Art Museum.

Sara Roby (1907-1986) believed that the most effective way to encourage the visual arts in the United States was to acquire the works of living artists and exhibit them to the public. The Sara Roby Foundation began collecting American art in the mid-1950s, and during the next 30 years assembled a premier group of paintings and sculpture by the country’s leading figurative artists. In 1959, an exhibition of the Foundation’s collection opened at the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York City. It was the beginning of a 25-year exhibition program that circulated artworks from the Foundation’s collection to museums throughout the country.

“Some of the most beloved works in the Smithsonian American Art Museum’s collection—such as 

‘Cape Cod Morning’ by Edward Hopper 

and ‘Night in Bologna’ by Paul Cadmus

—are part of this exhibition, which is a testament to the enduring relevance of the figurative tradition in American art,” said Mecklenburg. 

A painter herself, Roby sought out art broadly defined as realist and artists concerned with principles of form and design that she had learned as an art student, first at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in Philadelphia and later with Reginald Marsh and Kenneth Hayes Miller at the Art Students League in New York City. The resulting collection captures both the optimism and the apprehension of the years following World War II. Many of the works are poignantly human, such as 

“Dowager in a Wheelchair” (1952) by Philip Evergood, 

while others are whimsical, like

 “Gertrude and George” (1979) by Richard Merkin. 

Still others, by artists such as Roy De Forest and Robert Vickrey, challenge us to decipher meanings imbedded in complex, sometimes enigmatic scenes.

Roby refused to be bound by current trends when she began collecting in the 1950s. She championed realism at a time when critics celebrated abstract expressionism and promoted “action painting” in works that bore little resemblance to the natural world. Roby also was unwilling to be constrained by her own collecting criteria. In addition to paintings by Hopper, Cadmus and their contemporaries, the Foundation purchased abstract work by artists, including Stuart Davis, Louise Nevelson and Mark Tobey. Roby and her advisers recognized that modern life allowed for many kinds of realism. 


Modern American Realism: The Sara Roby Foundation Collection

Virginia M. Mecklenburg; with an essay by William Kloss
Copublished with Smithsonian Institution Press, distributed by the University of Washington Press
148 pp.: ill. (66 color, 52 b&w)
ISBN: ISBN 0-87474-691-4

More images from the exhibition:

Stuart Davis, Memo, 1956, oil
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of the Sara Roby Foundation

Isabel Bishop, Artist's Table, 1931

Will Barnet, Sleeping Child, 1961

Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Strong Woman and Child, 1925

Reginald Marsh, George Tilyou's Steeplechase, 1932

Arthur Dove, Oil Tanker II, 1932

 Charles Burchfield, Night of the Equinox, 1917-1955

Raphael Soyer, Annunciation, 1980, oil on linen, 56 x 50 inches

Kenneth Hayes Miller, Bargain Hunters, 1940, oil on canvas, 30 7/8 x 36 1/8 inches, National Museum of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, Gift of the Sara Roby Foundation.