4 March to 17 September 2017
The exhibition Calm and Exaltation. Van Gogh in the Bührle Collection presents eight paintings by Vincent van Gogh. This selection allows us to see not only the different phases in the Dutch artist’s career, but also the vision of a collector, the Swiss industrialist Emil Bührle (1890–1956), for whom it was crucial that his collection should convey the stylistic development of each artist represented within it. Thus the thread running through his dazzling acquisitions of works by Van Gogh is the lightening and brightening of Vincent’s palette and his synthesis of different influences in his art.
The Fondation Vincent van Gogh Arles has been granted the loan of six canvases from the Foundation E. G. Bührle Collection, Zürich, which holds in all seven works by Van Gogh.
These six canvases are presented here alongside two other loans.
The Old Tower (1884)
and Peasant Woman, Head (1885)
are early works painted in the Dutch town of Nuenen,
Bridges Across the Seine at Asnières, Paris, 1887 Oil on canvas, 53.5 x 67 cm Foundation E. G. Bührle Collection, ZürichBridges Across the Seine at Asnières (1887)
Self-Portrait, Paris, 1887 Oil on canvas, 47 x 35.4 cm Foundation E. G. Bührle Collection, Zürich
and Self-Portrait (1887)
date from the artist’s time in Paris, where he was inspired by Impressionism and Pointillism.
The Weeders, Saint-Rémy-de-Provence, 1890 Oil on paper, on canvas, 49.3 x 64 cm Foundation E. G. Bührle Collection,
and Blossoming Chestnut Branches (both 1890) testify to the artistic maturity that Vincent attained at the end of his career.
In Blossoming Chestnut Branches , Van Gogh shows us the exaltation of spring. The brushwork is resolutely energetic, the colours vibrant and the composition bold in its horizontality.
Vincent’s extended stay in Provence is represented by two loans respectively issuing from a private collection and the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam. Although the clear light and bright colours of the South found their way into his paintings of this period, in
Entrance to a Quarry , Saint-Rémy- de-Provence, mid-July 1889 Oil on canvas, 60 x 74.5 cm Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam (Vincent van Gogh Foundation)
Entrance to a Quarry (1889) Van Gogh returns to the more sombre palette he had favoured in the North.
Writing to his brother Theo on 22 August 1889, Vincent says of Entrance to a Quarry :
“And it was precisely a more sober attempt, matt in colour without looking impressive, broken greens, reds and rusty ochre yellows, as I told you that from time to time I felt a desire to begin again with a palette like the one in the north.”
This palette of the North is that of the earth, made up of ochres and dark greens. Vincent van Gogh,
With Olive Orchard (1889), likewise painted in the countryside around Saint-Rémy, one of the artist’s favourite Provençal motifs takes its place in the exhibition.
Exhibition curators: Bice Curiger, Lukas Gloor
ABOUT THE ARTIST
Vincent van Gogh is born on 30 March 1853 in Groot-Zundert in the Netherlands. At the age of 16 he joins Goupil & C ie , a firm of art dealers in The Hague, and subsequently works in the company’s offices in Brussels, London and finally Paris. He gradually loses interest in the commercial art world and, in 1878–79, he becomes a lay preacher in a mining community in the Borinage area of Belgium.
In August 1880 Van Gogh decides to become an artist. He wants to be a painter of everyday life, and, above all, of peasant life, following in the footsteps of artists such as Jean-François Millet. Landscapes and still lifes, too, become an important part of his oeuvre.
In 1886 in Paris he discovers Japanese prints and he meets Impressionist artists. Convinced that colour is the key to modernity, Van Gogh leaves for Provence in search of bright light and vibrant colours.
Dreaming of establishing a community of artists, in February 1888 he settles in Arles. Gauguin joins him in October, but their collaboration collapses in late December 1888.
Disappointed and ill, in May 1889 Van Gogh has himself admitted to a psychiatric hospital in Saint-Rémy, where he remains for a whole year. He continues with his search for an expressive art based on colour and brush strokes, creating more than 500 paintings and drawings during his 27 months in Provence.
In May 1890 Van Gogh moves to Auvers-sur-Oise, where in just over two months he produces the final 70 paintings of an oeuvre that comprises more than 2,000 works. He dies on 29 July 1890 at the age of 37. Van Gogh’s artistic genius and the poignant story of his life transform him into a veritable international icon.
During his stay at the Saint-Paul-de-Mausole psychiatric hospital in Saint- Rémy-de-Provence, Van Gogh turns to the surrounding countryside to enrich his geography as an artist. He tirelessly paints and draws new Provençal motifs: cypress trees, olive groves and hills. The low Alpilles range rising behind the hospital buildings provides Vincent with an opportunity to paint the rugged massif as well as the quarry located nearby. In 1889 he treats this latter in two canvases, of which he executes the first in mid-July – just after suffering a fresh health crisis – and the second in October.