Friday, February 27, 2015

Salvador Dali at Auction

Sotheby’s London, 1 March 2017 Surrealist Art Evening Sale





Salvador Dalí
Moment de transition
oil on canvas
Painted in 1934.
Estimate:
£6,000,000-8,000,000 

A rare masterpiece from the crucial decade in which Dalí was creating his most famous imagery,  Moment de transition is one of only a handful of works of this calibre that have appeared at auction in the last decade. 
Transforming images were a pivotal subject of Dalí’s art in the 1930s, as he used his inventive
powers to undermine reality. The visual instability provoked by the experience of misreading a
given object or configuration could be both a source of pleasure and disquiet. Moment de
transition is a magnificent example of Dalí’s exploration of illusory perceptions within haunted
landscapes – in this case a Catalan landscape with a horse-drawn cart approaching a small,
distant town. However, at closer observation, the wheels of the cart are no more than two sticks
stuck in the ground, and the rider is revealed to be one of the buildings in the distant town. These
empty, melancholic landscapes dominated Dalí’s art in this period, as the artist returned to the
physical and emotional places that shaped his childhood memories. 

Christie’s The Art of the Surreal Evening Sale on Tuesday 2 February 2016




Throughout much of 1928 Salvador Dali was greatly preoccupied with ideas about anti-art, the establishing of a new-objectivity and the exploration of what his new Catalan friend Joan Miró had recently defined as ‘the assassination of painting’.  Fishermen in the Sun is the finest of a unique, distinctive and very rare series of six relief-paintings made during this period in which Dali pioneered a completely new stylistic direction in his work; of these six paintings, four now reside in museums including the Fundación Gala-Salvador Dal, Figueras and the Reina Sofía, Madrid (estimate: £700,000-£1,000,000).  In 1928, Dali embarked on a unique series of works that made use of real, tactile, three-dimensional materials and reduced his already amorphous and anamorphic forms to two-dimensional semi-abstract cyphers that simultaneously suggested many different things at once. His aim was to move beyond all the old ideas of painting while widening the revelatory potential of his art to speak directly to man’s unconscious mind. As Fishermen in the Sun highlights, Dali forged a series of radically new psychic landscapes that, with their suggestions of an atemporal sandy plain of strange hallucinatory possibility stretching out beneath a strip of empty blue sky, lay the foundations for the dramatic, hyper-realist paintings that he began his Surrealist career with in 1929.


Sotheby’s Evening Sale of Impressionist and Modern Art on 2 May 2012 





Printemps nécrophilique.


Sotheby’s Evening Sale of Impressionist and Modern Art on 2 May 2012 was be led by Salvador Dalí's Printemps nécrophilique from 1936. Painted at the height of the artist’s most creative years in Paris, the canvas exemplifies his unique aesthetic at its most refined and sensational. Printemps nécrophilique has not appeared on the market in nearly 15 years and is estimated to sell for $8/12 million*.

“Surrealism is the last great movement of 20th century modernism to be fully appreciated in the marketplace, and a number of new benchmarks have been set just over the course of the last year,” commented Simon Shaw, Head of Sotheby’s Impressionist & Modern Art Department in New York. 

“In February 2011, Sotheby’s set a new record for a Surrealist work of art at auction when Salvador Dalí’s Portrait de Paul Eluard sold for $21.7 million. That same sale saw a new record for a work on paper by René Magritte set when his Le Maître d’École brought just over $4 million. Just three months later, Sotheby’s set a new record for Paul Delvaux when his Les Cariatides achieved $9 million. Surrealism continues to present exciting opportunities for collectors given the wide range of material available at varying price points – literature, works on paper, paintings, sculpture and objects – and the fact that great masterworks remain in private hands. Additionally, given that the roots of much recent art lie in Surrealism, it crosses over well with collections of Contemporary art.”

By the time Dalí painted Printemps nécrophilique in 1936, he had established the style and the personal iconography that characterizes his most successful compositions. The eerie infusion of dreamscape with hyper-real figural elements is a hallmark of the artist’s approach. In the present work, Dalí depicts two figures that offer a confounding combination of anonymity and specificity. He envelops the figures in a wide expanse of plains and sky, reminiscent of the endless landscape of his native Catalonia. 

The lithe and graceful male figure at left recalls the artist's own profile, which will appear again in the artist's masterpiece painted the next year, Métamorphose de Narcisse. The flower-headed dominant female figure is one of the artist's most memorable characters, appearing in significant compositions such as Femmes aux têtes de fleurs retrouvant sur la plage la dépouille d'un piano à queue and staged in London for the 1936 International Surrealist Exhibition. 

The canvas was originally owned by Elsa Schiaparelli, the couterière active in Paris during the first half of the 20th century. She staged momentous events in Paris and occasionally collaborated with Dalí - their work together is explored in detail in a current exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, Schiaparelli and Prada: Impossible Conversations








Salvador Dali
Cinq personnages surréalistes: femmes à tête de fleurs, femme à tiroirs (évocation du jugement de paris)
Gouache, brush and ink on pink paper
48.9 by 63.8cm; 191⁄4 by 251⁄8in.

Executed in 1937
Est. £400,000 - 600,000 


Executed in 1937 as a present for the renowned fashion designer Elsa Schiaparelli, this exquisite drawing exemplifies the blend of hyperrealism and surreal metamorphosis that was a hallmark of Dalí’s mature style. The work also brilliantly combines some of the artist’s most iconic transformations of the female figure. Dalí and Schiaparelli met in the 1930s and subsequently collaborated on a number of projects. The fashion designer owned a number of works by the artist, including both the present work – for which she apparently specified the use of pink paper – and the earlier oil




Sotheby’s London Surrealist Art Evening Sale on 5 February 2013


 

One of Salvador Dalí’s most accomplished portraits Portrait of Mrs Harrison Williams, was commissioned directly from the artist and painted by him in 1943. Estimated at £1.5-2 million, the painting – offered for the first time at auction - depicts Countess Mona Bismarck (1897-1983), who was at the time of the portrait married to Harrison Williams, reputed to be one of the wealthiest men in America.

After their marriage in 1926 she swiftly became known as one of the most glamorous and beautiful women of her day; becoming the first American to be acclaimed as ‘the best-dressed woman in the world’ by the luminaries of fashion.

Dalí's dazzling depiction of the legendary Mona Bismarck is filled with classical allusions and Surrealist symbolism making it one of the most ambitious pictures he had produced by this point in his career. The painting was executed just three years after Dalí arrived in New York City, having fled Paris with his wife Gala in 1940. After his arrival, he was swiftly assimilated into the group of European Surrealists that had coalesced there at the outbreak of World War II. Together with them, he mingled with many of New York’s social luminaries, receiving from them prestigious commissions for works such as this, and the portrait of Helena Rubinstein sold at Sotheby’s New York for $2.65m in May 2011.

Sotheby’s London February 2011 sale saw a record price at auction achieved for any work by Salvador Dalí with the sale of




Portrait de Paul Éluard for £13.5 million (pre-sale estimate £3.5-5 million) from the private collection sale Looking Closely. 


Sotheby’s 2009 










Girafe en feu” (Giraffe on Fire), a large gouache on paper signed by Salvador Dalí in 1937 belongs to the early phase of Surrealism, rarely seen at auction these days. Sotheby’s gave the rare work a $150,000 to $200,000 estimate. Obviously too low, it could easily have been doubled. But the best specialists never imagined that it might end up at $1.87 million, and set an auction record for any work on paper by Dalí.
 
Salvador Dali’s 1941 Sewing Machine with Umbrellas in a Surrealist Landscape is also fresh to the market. It was acquired directly from the artist by its current owner, and has been seen in public only once since then, at a Dali retrospective in Shanghai. Whereas Tanguy pushed back the limits of an inner universe ‘with no concession to the world of perception’ (André Breton), Dali helped Surrealism enter the modern era by exploiting an image’s cinematographic qualities. Our work (estimate €1.6m-2m) is a masterly example of this approach.

Paradoxically, this small painting conveys the grandiose effect of a cinema screening, with the monochrome composition seeming to capture the light of the silver screen. Its dramatic, mesmerizing composition features disturbing dream elements: a huge sewing-machine topped by umbrellas that cast shadows on to an esplanade lined by an arcade, where fashion models emerge beneath the arches. The sensual ambiguity between the projected and recorded image, and between actual and virtual reality, make this one of the first pictorial takes on cinema imagery.

ARTCURIAL 4 December 2012


Salvador Dali (1904-1989)
Sewing Machine with Umbrellas in a Surrealist Landscape, 1941
Oil & Gouache on Panel
Signed & dated Gala Salvador Dali 1941 bottom right
22,5 x 30,5 cm
Estimate: €1,600,000-2,000,000

PAINTING<>CINEMA: A TWO-WAY PROCESS

The Sewing-Machine was painted in 1941, during Dali’s time in the United States. It heralds his first attempts to collaborate with the world of cinema and was, in fact, a project for the film Moontide (1942), starring Jean Gabin. Dali was hired by Fox to work on the film (known in French as La Péniche de l’Amour) under director Fritz Lang. However, following a row with Fox, Lang was replaced by Archie Mayo, and Dali’s designs remained unused. It was not until Alfred Hitchcock’s Spellbound of 1945, starring Gregory Peck and Ingrid Bergman – the first film to be based on psychoanalysis – that Dali’s universe was combined with scriptwriting and found its way on to the silver screen. This collaboration was not without fruit – even if, ultimately, it was for Dali a source of reflection on painting and cinema. Many years later – among young film-makers looking to Dali’s startling, ambiguous world for inspiration – the wheel would turn full circle.

MASTERPIECES & MINIATURES

One of the striking paradoxes about Salvador Dali was that he produced his greatest works on small panels. His Surrealist icon The Persistence of Memory or Melting Watches (1931), owned by the New York MoMA and to be shown in the Pompidou Centre’s Dali retrospective this winter, measures just 24 x 33cm. His Portrait of Paul Eluard (1929), sold on the international market for nearly €16.5m in 2011, measures 33 x 25cm; while The Spectre of Vermeer of Delft (1934), sold for nearly €1.9m in 2007, measures just 22 x 17cm. Like a Gothic or Renaissance Master, Dali was able to convey the power of his visions in peerless detail on modestly sized panels. Given its manifold pictorial and intellectual qualities, The Sewing-Machine must count one such masterpiece.


SOTHEBY'S Impressionist and Modern Art February 4, 2003 



Alongside Dali's iconic painting of 



Jeune Vierge Autosodomisee par les cornes de sa propre chastete is a second important work by the artist from 1942. 



Naissance du Nouveau Monde is a depiction of the cycle of life, death and rebirth and was commissioned to be used as an illustration in the December 1942 edition of Esquire magazine. It is estimated at £700,000-900,000. dance in its broad connotations, reminding us of the social satire that is inherent in the Expressionist imagination (est: £450,000-600,000).
 

Sotheby's 2014




LOT SOLD. 146,500 GBP









Estimate 3,000,0004,000,000 USD


Sotheby's 2013






LOT SOLD. 989,000 USD







Christie's 2004




Pr.$65,725
 
Christie's 2007








 

 
Christie's 2008






 
Christie's 2009





Christie's 2010


















 

 Christie's 2011






 Salvador Dali (1904-1989)
Chevaliers en parade
Pr.$1,426,500









 


 




 





Salvador Dali (1904-1989)


  














 

 



 
Christie's 2013








 
Pr.£58,850($92,100)







 
























 




 
Christie's 2014



 







Salvador Dalí (1904-1989)


 National Gallery (Washington DC)




Dalí, Salvador
, Spanish, 1904 - 1989
The Sacrament of the Last Supper
1955
oil on canvas
overall: 166.7 x 267 cm (65 5/8 x 105 1/8 in.)
framed: 202.6 x 302 cm (79 3/4 x 118 7/8 in.)
Chester Dale Collection




Dalí, Salvador
, Spanish, 1904 - 1989
Chester Dale
1958
oil on canvas
overall: 88.8 x 58.9 cm (34 15/16 x 23 3/16 in.)
framed: 111.7 x 81.3 x 6 cm (44 x 32 x 2 3/8 in.)
Chester Dale Collection